Why is Sunspot Solar Observatory closed?

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Stop sign and yellow crime scene tape at the entrance to the Sunspot Solar Observatory. Image via Dylan Taylor-Lehman/Daily News.

Everyone loves a good mystery, and there is a very curious one happening in New Mexico right now. On Thursday, September 6, the Sunspot Solar Observatory in Sunspot, New Mexico, as well as a nearby United States Postal Service Office (USPS), was suddenly closed down and evacuated. This was reported to be for “security reasons,” but no details were provided, and still haven’t been at the time of this writing. Sunspot is located on Sacramento Peak – Lincoln National Forest specifically, in Otero County.

On KVIA, Shari Lifson, spokeswoman for Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) stated:

We have decided to temporarily vacate this facility as a precautionary measure. And we’re working with the proper authorities on this issue.

She also added, for Alamogordo Daily News:

The Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy who manages the facility is addressing a security issue at this time. We have decided to vacate the facility at this time as precautionary measure. It was our decision to evacuate the facility.

The Dunn Solar Telescope at the Sunspot Solar Observatory. Image via Sunspot Solar Observatory.

A statement on the observatory’s website currently states:

On Thursday September 6th, AURA made the decision to temporarily close Sunspot. The Sunspot Solar Observatory continues to work closely with AURA in order to allow for us to reopen as soon as possible. With the excitement this closure has generated, we hope you will come and visit us when we do reopen, and see for yourself the services we provide for science and public outreach in heliophysics. If you have any questions about the science we perform at the telescope, or about the outreach we provide through our Visitors Center, please contact our Director, Dr McAteer (

Sunspot Solar Observatory Director R.T. James McAteer also said:

Last Thursday, we got a phone call in the morning from AURA who told us to say that they were temporarily evacuating the site and asked us to evacuate our people. So, I called our people up and asked them to leave in a very sensible and calm manner and locked everything up. We’ve been out of there since Thursday morning.

An aerial view of the facility at on Sacramento Peak. Image via National Science Foundation.

Sunspot Solar Observatory is part of the National Solar Observatory network and is maintained by AURA. The observatory uses the Dunn Solar Telescope, which takes some of the highest-resolution images and other data of the sun anywhere in the world. Apache Point Observatory (APO), about a mile away from Sunspot Solar Observatory, is still operational and has not been shut down.

The incident has, of course, generated a lot of speculation as to what is going on, but with few details available, it is difficult to say anything for certain. It does appear to be a genuine event, given the local news coverage and notices on official websites. It is also, unsurprisingly, making the rounds in various conspiracy forums. Theories have ranged from a mercury storage leak to alien contact. The town of Sunspot itself is very small, and all 12-15 residents were evacuated, as well as four employees at the observatory, five or six employees of AURA and employees of the post office (number unknown).

What makes this intriguing is the reported involvement of the FBI. According to Otero County Sheriff Benny House:

The FBI is refusing to tell us what’s going on. We’ve got people up there (at Sunspot) that requested us to stand by while they evacuate it. Nobody would really elaborate on any of the circumstances as to why. The FBI were up there. What their purpose was nobody will say. But for the FBI to get involved that quick and be so secretive about it, there was a lot of stuff going on up there. There was a Blackhawk helicopter, a bunch of people around antennas and work crews on towers but nobody would tell us anything.

Another aerial view, showing location of observatory facility and the post office. Image via Goodle Earth.

House wants to know why the FBI had local law authorities help with the evacuation, but refused to tell them what it was about:

They wanted us up there to help evacuate but nobody would tell us anything. We went up there and everything was good. There was no threat. Nobody would identify any specific threat. We hung out for a little while then we left. No reason for us to be there. Nobody would tell us what we’re supposed to be watching out for.

According to Rod Spurgeon, a spokesman with USPS:

Right now, what we’re told is that they’ve temporarily evacuated the area. We haven’t been told why or when that expires.

As of today, September 13, 2018, the observatory remains closed. As Lifson told Alamogordo Daily News:

Nothing’s changed from last week.

The Sunspot Astronomy and Visitors Center. Image via Sunspot Solar Observatory.

So what actually happened? Some of the more plausible theories have included some kind of spying incident or attempt from a hostile country or group (given the reports of people working on the antennas and towers), a possible terrorist plot or an accident involving the mercury stored beneath the facility. But would a mercury spill require the FBI to be involved? Conspiracy theories have ranged from an impending major solar flare event to aliens. A new article on The War Zone makes the case for espionage. The observatory is also fairly close to Holloman Air Force Base and White Sands Missile Range, lending credibility to that possibility.

As reported in Alamogordo Daily News on September 13, 2018, the cause for the closure was not a mercury spill. According to McAteer:

There’s no mercury incident. That’s a completely different set of protocols that would not have involved them locking all the doors. We have a very regular maintenance routine. There is no cause for concern there.

A statement purportedly from an astronomer, posted on Reddit today, says that an announcement from AURA will be coming soon. In the meantime, the rumor mill will continue to churn.

Bottom line: Something unusual has happened at the Sunspot Solar Observatory, also affecting the nearby area, but we still don’t know what it was. Most likely there is a down-to-Earth explanation, whether nefarious or not, but the story has certainly attracted a lot of attention and speculation. Hopefully we will hear more soon from the relevant authorities.

Via Alamogordo Daily News and KVIA

Paul Scott Anderson


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